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Vikaspedia: Useful portals on Mother and Child Health
Useful portals on Mother and Child Health

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There can be no real growth without healthy populations.
download report

The most cost effective health intervention is general education of girls.

In the 1980s, 36,000 children under five died each day from largely preventable causes.
In 1990, that figure was 33,000. In 2000 it was 26,000. Last year, it was 19,000.

This dramatic drop came about through a combination of vaccination programs, nutrition programs, and better water and sanitation.
But we cannot celebrate until all children can share in this progress.

It should anger us that most of these 19,000 children die daily from causes we know how to prevent.
We have the products and the potential to save these lives.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

Levels & Trends in Child Mortality - Report 2019 Levels & Trends in Child Mortality - Report 2019

Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency group for child mortality estimation

The United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME) produces estimates of child and young adolescent mortality annually, reconciling the differences across data sources and taking into account the systematic biases associated with the various types of data on child and adolescent mortality. This report presents UN IGME’s latest estimates – through 2018 – of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality as well as mortality among children aged 5–14 years. It assesses progress in the reduction of child and young adolescent mortality at the country, regional and global levels, and provides an overview of the methods used to estimate the mortality indicators above.

Thirty years ago, the world made a commitment to protect and fulfil children’s rights as enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Among the most fundamental of these rights is the right of every child to survive.2 While substantial progress in child survival has been made since then, the failure to fully meet that commitment reverberates today for millions of children: In 2018 alone, 5.3 million children died before reaching their fifth birthday and almost 1 million children aged 5–14 years died.

Click here to download the report

Levels and trends in child mortality 2019 - Explore the latest data and analysis
Why giving birth makes us equal - A mother's reflection on the experience of childbirth

Medical and Health Internet-in-a-Box - South Asia Edition

Medical and Health Internet-in-a-Box - South Asia EditionCollaborating with Wiki Project Med Foundation and HealthPhone, Internet-in-a-Box has developed an offline distribution system for medical and healthcare content geared specifically to South Asia.

The Internet-in-a-Box (IIAB) device is a complete single-board computer with an in-built Wi-Fi hotspot that allows for easy distribution of information in places where access to the Internet is limited, controlled, not affordable or simply unavailable.  Within a range of 50 to 100 meters, up to 32 people can connect to the device with a mobile phone or computer to access and download its content, free of any cost. It also functions as a mini app store in that those connected to it can download and install a number of offline apps.  IIAB does not offer a connection to the Internet or to content beyond that stored in the Box itself.

The 32 Gb microSD card (included contains: Over 1,000 HealthPhone healthcare & nutrition videos across 22 Indian languages, 47 HealthPhone mobile apps across 18 Indian languages, All of Wikipedia Medical Encyclopaedia in English and Farsi, Full Wikipedia in 23 Indian Languages, The Global Emergency Medicine Wiki, and Children for Health’s 100 Health Messages in 5 Indian languages.

Medical and Health Internet-in-a-Box is available for the costs of the hardware, taxes and shipping (₹1,999. / US$30.).

More Info  |  Online example  |  Buy online

Health literacy Health literacy

Health literacy empowers people to make positive choices. It implies the achievement of a level of knowledge, personal skills and confidence to take action to improve personal and community health by changing personal lifestyles and living conditions. Thus, health literacy means more than being able to read pamphlets and make appointments. Health literacy is an enabler that supports the promotion of equity by improving people’s access to health information, and their capacity to use it effectively.

Why health literacy is important

Maternal Health campaign

2017 Maternal Health campaign

We recently partnered with Mediaplanet UK on the 2017 Maternal Health campaign in The Guardian newspaper and online. Read motivating insight from thought leaders and learn more about what it takes collectively to reduce maternal mortality. #GlobalMaternalHealth #MaternalHealth

Bridging the Knowledge Gap: Educating Mothers to Help Them and Their Children Live.
Mobile phones are the surprising tool improving maternal health

One of the most powerful relationships in global health and development is between a mother’s education and her child’s chances of survival. Simply put: “The more educated a mother, the less likely her child is to die. … Behind every preventable child death is a disempowered mother” says Leith Greenslade, Co-Chair of Child Health, MDG Health Alliance.

HealthPhone™ Mobile Apps

Once installed, all these apps work offline; they do not require a connection to a mobile network. All videos and files are included within the mobile app. Mobile apps developed in partnership with HealthPhone by The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Hyderabad, a research and development organization under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India.

Poshan | Nutrition Mobile Apps

Get HealthPhone Poshan Apps

Get HealthPhone Poshan Apps

Get in 18 Indian Languages


The apps address issues of status of women, the care of pregnant women and children under two, breastfeeding and the importance of a balanced diet, health and simple changes in nutritional care practices that can notably enhance nutrition levels.

They reinforce the following key messages:

  • Expecting mothers should get the correct diet and 25% more than usual.
  • Mother’s first milk is the best, do not throw it away, make sure the child gets it.
  • For the first 6 months the child should only be fed mother’s milk and nothing else.
  • When the child enters the 7th month, balance mother’s milk with a nutritious diet.

Food & Nutrition Mobile Apps

Get HealthPhone Food & Nutrition Apps

Get HealthPhone Food & Nutrition Apps

Get in 18 Indian Languages


These apps reinforce the following key messages:

  • Adequate Complementary Feeding
  • Anaemia: Blood and Iron Deficiency
  • Importance of a Balanced Diet
  • Correct Norms of Infant & Young Child Feeding
  • Importance of Infant and Young Child Nutrition
  • Iodine: The Importance of Iodised Salt
  • Nutrition of the Child
  • Vitamin A
  • Navjaat ki Suraksha
  • Diet During Pregnancy
  • Healthcare during Pregnancy

Nutrition Handbook for the Family Mobile Apps

Get HealthPhone Nutrition Handbook Mobile Apps

Get HealthPhone Nutrition Handbook Mobile Apps

Get in 11 Indian Languages


These apps reinforce the following key messages:

  • Personal and household hygiene
  • Keeping food safe and clean
  • Foods are very important for the body
  • Iron makes the body strong
  • Vitamin A keeps the body healthy
  • Iodine makes the body function properly
  • Food for pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers
  • Feeding babies aged 0-6 months
  • Feeding young children aged over 6 months
  • Feeding school-age children and youth
  • Food and care for older people
  • Feeding sick people
  • Preventing and managing malnutrition

The continuation of this suffering and loss of life contravenes the natural human instinct to help in times of disaster.
Imagine the horror of the world if a major earthquake were to occur and people stood by and watched without assisting the survivors! ....

They die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world.
Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.

spotty scorecard, UNICEF, Progress of Nations

We have the tools, we have the knowledge, and we must match them with our unshakeable commitment to save millions of lives.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

IAP HealthPhone

IAP HealthPhone

Laying the Foundation for Combating Malnutrition in India
The importance of balanced nutrition and health

An initiative of HealthPhone™, conducted under the aegis of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, in partnership with the Ministry of Women and Child Development, UNICEF, Aamir Khan and with support from Vodafone.

It is the World's Largest Programme to Battle Malnutrition amongst Mothers and Children. The objective of this nationwide campaign against malnutrition is to address issues of status of women, the care of pregnant mothers and children under two, breastfeeding and the importance of balanced nutrition and health. The focus is on women between 13 and 35 years of age and their family members.

The four Poshan videos are hosted on a dedicated WAP page and accessible to all Vodafone India subscribers on their mobile phones.

Vodafone India subscribers can also give a missed call on 1 800 120 8989 (toll-free) to receive a link to the WAP page via SMS.

The Lancet Breastfeeding SeriesThe Lancet Breastfeeding Series

With a substantial development of research and findings for breastfeeding over the past three decades, we are now able to expand on the health benefits for both women and children across the globe. The two papers in this Series will describe past and current global trends of breastfeeding, its short and long-term health consequences for the mother and child, the impact of investment in breastfeeding, and the determinants of breastfeeding and the effectiveness of promotion interventions.

New Research Shows That Breastfeeding Matters Everywhere and Could Save Millions of Lives and Dollars
"Political commitment and investment in breastfeeding by governments, donors, employers and civil society is urgently needed to ensure the health of women and children and to shape a more sustainable future for all. UNICEF and the World Health Organization, in partnership with close to 20 organizations, are leading the charge to mobilize global action to raise political and financial investment to support breastfeeding. Together, we are working to remove barriers to breastfeeding and to give women the tools they need to make informed decisions to ensure their health and the health of their children for generations come."
Werner Schultink, Chief of Nutrition at UNICEF

Breastfeeding saves lives and it’s time for action

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The Lancet: Ending Preventable Stillbirths The Lancet: Ending Preventable Stillbirths

Each year, 2.6 million women suffer the loss of their babies dying in the last three months of pregnancy, with half of stillbirths occurring in childbirth. The burden on families, especially women, is severe and long lasting, yet stigma and taboo hides this burden even in high income countries.

Addressing the epidemic of stillbirths has been recognised as an essential part of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. This was expressed in the new Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health, launched at the UN General Assembly in 2015. A second Lancet Series of five papers on stillbirths offers a roadmap for eliminating, by 2030, one the most neglected tragedies in global health today.

The Lancet series provides updated estimates and clear evidence and analysis on what must be done to end preventable stillbirths by 2030, echoing the call of the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, 2015-2030 and the Every Woman Every Child movement. The Partnership is committed to monitoring progress on stillbirths as the Global Strategy is implemented.

Lancet Stillbirth series | Executive Summary -

The Lancet: The silence around stillbirth is unspeakable The Lancet: The silence around stillbirth is unspeakable

7,200 lives are lost every day to stillbirths. Imagine if we could reduce that number and stop this epidemic of grief. Learn what The Lancet is doing to fight back.

Change can only come from systematic scientific, political, and social mobilisation.

Smash the taboos around stillbirth
Almost 2·6 million babies are stillborn worldwide every year. That’s roughly the population of Rome, wiped out. Yet we still don’t talk openly about stillbirth. Vulnerable girls and women are often left to suffer in silence. It only perpetuates the stigma when they have little to no information on the topic. More must be done to cut through the sociocultural, religious, and health barriers that inhibit open dialogue.
Turn midwives into lifesavers
Skilled health professionals matter. Their care is vital for all expectant mothers. Yet they are in short supply. We must value health workers, including skilled birth attendants, in order to succeed–boost their numbers, increase access to quality training, give them a visible community presence, and remove the barriers to access.

Prepare every woman for healthy pregnancies
A healthy pregnancy should be a universal right. Millions of women worldwide are still denied access to basic education about pregnancy and stillbirth. Education must include information about sexual health, birth control and treatable diseases, as well as the risks associated with smoking, obesity, and pregnancy in later life.

In support of our Ending preventable stillbirths Series The Lancet is reaching out to the rest of the world with a global campaign.

Support our initiative

This film tells the stories of two women, in the UK and Malawi, and their common search to come to terms with the stillbirth of a baby.

Invest in Girls and Women: Everybody Wins

Invest in Girls and Women: Everybody Wins

The Path Ahead to Sustainable Development
Download toolkit pdf - Infographics featured in the toolkit focus on key issues related to investing in girls and women. Download the infographics
Invest in Girls and Women: Girls and Women Are at the Heart of Development Invest in Women's Health Invest in Maternal and Newborn Health Invest in Equality Invest in Girls' Education Invest in Family Planning and Reproductive Health

HealthPhone™: What every health worker, family and community has a right to know

There is no dispute about the importance of health knowledge as a means of preventing diseases and boosting child survival.

HealthPhone's health and nutrition content is scripted on knowledge prepared jointly by UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNAIDS, WFP and The World Bank. It addresses the main areas of health concern. This content is pre-loaded on popular low-cost models of mobile phones – no signal is required, no need to download videos and other media. Users choose what they want to watch and listen to and when, wherever they happen to be.

HealthPhone™ is coming soon to a village, slum, town, city, block, district, state, province, country near you!

Early and Exclusive BreastfeedingHand Washing with Soap and WaterUse of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc
Routine ImmunizationInitiation of Breastfeeding by Breast Crawl

UNICEF India's Ammaji Video Series now on HealthPhone UNICEF India's Ammaji Video Series on HealthPhone

The Ammaji health and nutrition education series of 42 videos help improve and save childrens' and mothers' lives. They aim to promote changes in knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs through key messages in the major health ttopics. It is the expectation from these videos that they will help rural women: understand the benefits of recommended behaviours address some of the constraints in their social environments adopt simple household behaviours and access frontline workers (like Anganwadi Workers, ANMs, ASHAs, Panchayats, etc) in their communities.

They are designed to be used as interpersonal communication tools by individuals and frontline workers in giving out important information to women and caregivers.

Newborn Care Video Series

Newborn Care Video Series Basic Skills
Inserting a Gastric Tube
Feeding with a Gastric Tube
Inserting an IV
Setting Up an IV Line
Taking a Heel Blood Sample
Referring a Sick Baby
Newborn Physical Exam
Breathing Problems
Umbilical Infections
The Home Visit
Giving an Intradermal Injection
The Cold Baby
Skin Infection
The Hot Baby
Breast Engorgement
Preparing the Birth Room
Newborns die at alarming rates in the developing world, nearly 3 million every year. Most can be saved with low-cost, low-tech interventions. Our newborn care series brings alive these lifesaving interventions in a memorable and engaging way to help health workers learn and save newborn lives.

The newborn care series provides our target audience of frontline health workers with visual clinical guidelines for training and review in the clinic setting. We have drawn primarily on the following international standards of care: Care of the Newborn Reference Manual, Save the Children, 2004; Managing Newborn Problems, WHO, 2003; and Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses Chart Booklet, WHO, 2011.

The Story of Cholera

The Story of Cholera is an engaging, educational animation in which a young boy helps a health worker save his father and then guides his village in preventing cholera from spreading. By making the invisible cholera germs visible, this simple animated narrative brings to life the teaching points of cholera prevention.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases annually, resulting in 100,000–120,000 deaths worldwide. Cholera can kill quickly and, if not contained, will spread like wildfire. Yet, it is preventable and readily treatable.

Public education is an effective means to help contain epidemics. But at-risk populations are often poorly informed as to how cholera is spread and how to prevent transmission.

Produced by: Global Health Media Project

Watch Video: Watch in BengaliEnglishFrenchGuerzéGujaratiHaitian Creole Haitian AndeyoHindiKannadaKrioMalayalamMalinkéPoularSomaliSoussouSpanishSwahiliTelugu

Family Planning: A Global Handbook for ProvidersFamily Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers

Welcome to! This website offers the same reliable guidance you have come to expect from Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers, plus easier access to items like the Wall Chart and newer digital products.

Developed collaboratively for clinic-based healthcare providers in developing countries, the Global Handbook offers the latest guidance on providing contraceptive methods. This site offers products related to the book in onscreen and downloadable formats.

The Global Handbook is used by health workers, counselors, and trainers all over the world—so we don't assume everyone has instant, reliable Internet access. The Handbook is available online, in print, and as digital downloads for mobile devices.

Both the Global Handbook and the Wall Chart are available as downloads in English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swahili. The Handbook is also available in Romanian, Hindi, and Farsi, and the Wall Chart in Chichewa and Tajik. All of these are offered on our Translations page.

Not sure where to start? Try the Related Products page.

Developing and Strengthening Community Health Worker Programs at Scale: A Reference Guide and Case Studies for Program Managers and Policymakers

This guide is a long and detailed volume that is not intended to be read from cover to cover but rather to be used as a document that can be referred to as specific issues or questions arise. In this sense, you will find some repetition. We have also tried to refer the reader to other chapters where appropriate because many topics and issues are covered in various ways in different chapters.

For readers who want a quicker and perhaps easier-to-use reference, we encourage a look at the recently released Decision-Making Tool for CHW Programs (the CHW Decision Tool) developed by the Health Care Improvement Project, Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems Project of the University Research Corporation (URC) , supported by USAID. This tool is designed to support national and local decision-makers through the design, planning, and scale- up of CHW programs.

Strengthening Community Health Systems through CHWs and mHealth Strengthening Community Health Systems through CHWs and mHealth

New Learning & Next Steps
Exploring the role of NGOs in strengthening health systems from a primary health care perspective that includes community systems, with a focus on supporting community health workers (CHWs). Key themes include:

  • Including the community in health systems strengthening
  • Strengthening community groups to support CHWs
  • Harmonizing community-based human resources for sustainable health actions
  • Improving CHW performance through mHealth
  • Training and supporting CHWs through mobile learning

This paper is divided into three main sections.
Section 1 sets the stage for including community-based systems in the building blocks of national health systems;
Section 2 covers the role that community health workers play in strengthening community-based health systems; and
Section 3 addresses how mobile technology can be used for capacity strengthening, support, and improved CHW performance.

Each section briefly summarizes new learning, approaches, and issues surrounding the relationship between community engagement and national health systems as discussed at the Fall 2014 Global Health Practitioner Conference. References for further reading and possible next steps that the CORE Group Community Health Network could take are included within the three main sections of this paper. Presentations made at the Conference are available on the CORE Group website.

ASHA Training Modules ASHA Training Modules

Book 1 Book 1 pdf (584 KB)Book 2 Book 2 pdf (1.43 MB)Book 3 Book 3 pdf (965 KB)Book 4 Book 4 pdf (949 KB)Book 5 Book 5 pdf (435 KB) / Hindi Book 5 Hindi pdf (483 KB)Book 6 Book 6 pdf (3.34 MB) / Hindi Book 6 Hindi pdf (7.53 MB)Book 7 Book 7 pdf (2.37 MB) / Hindi pdf (2.89 MB)

Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women pdf (1.37 MB) /Hindi Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women Hindi pdf (2.54 MB)
Reaching the Unreached Reaching the Unreached pdf (720 KB)
Induction Training Module for ASHA Induction Training Module for ASHA pdf (1.99 MB)

Training Module for ASHA on NCD Training Module for ASHA on NCD pdf (1362 KB) / Training Module for ASHA on NCD (Hindi) Training Module for ASHA on NCD Hindi pdf (1449 KB)

Trainers Notes
ASHA Trainers Part 1 ASHA Trainers Part 1 pdf (1.60 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Part 1 Hindi pdf(788 KB)ASHA Trainers Part 2 ASHA Trainers Part 2 pdf (5.18 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Part 2 Hindi pdf (5.40 MB)
ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women pdf (1.00 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women Hindi pdf (1.23 MB)

ASHA Facilitator
Handbook for ASHA Facilitator Handbook for ASHA Facilitator pdf (584 KB)

Recommendations for Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs Recommendations for Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs pdf - Consultation Report - January 14-15, 2013 - New Delhi

Hesperian Health Guides

Hesperian Health GuidesHesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that develops accessible materials in many languages. Access free information in Hesperian's HealthWiki for mothers and community related to nutrition, water, hygiene, and sanitation.

Newborn babies and breastfeeding: Available in English, Arabic, Spanish, Filipino, French, Kreyol, Khmer, Swahili, Lao, Portuguese, Urdu
Food and nutrition for children: Available in English, Portuguese, and French
Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms: Available in English, Portuguese, and French
Health Problems from Unsafe Water: Available in English and Spanish
Protecting Community Water: Available in English and Spanish
Building Toilets: Available in English and Spanish
Sanitation and Cleanliness: Available in English

More resources from Hesperian Health Guides

Online, mobile-friendly HealthWiki resources

Caring for children (available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Swahili)
Good food makes good health (available in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)
Helping Children Who Are Deaf (available in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Chinese)
Helping Children Who Are Blind (available in English and Spanish)

Global Handwashing Day Planner's Guide 3rd Edition

Global Handwashing DayFor Global Handwashing Day - October 15, a great tool kit for planning local observances and advocacy

This Planner's Guide is a resource to help individuals, groups, and organizations around the world plan their Global Handwashing Day activities. In this guide you will find practical tips, tools, facts, and ideas to implement a successful Global Handwashing Day celebration. This guide also includes suggestions for promoting handwashing every day of the year—beyond Global Handwashing Day.
- More Hand Washing Resources

  • The global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing with Soap (PPPHW) works to save children's lives by promoting the awareness of this simple practice.
  • 1.7 million children die every year From diarrhea and acute respiratory infections who are under five.
  • These figures could be cut dramatically if handwashing with soap were widely practiced. These deaths are preventable. Research shows that, if widely practiced, handwashing with soap could reduce diarrhea by almost fifty percent and respiratory infections by nearly twenty-five percent. (Fewtrell et al., 2005)

Hand hygiene, either with soap and water or with alcohol-based handrub, is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and spreading infections to others. Indeed, hand hygiene is an easy, inexpensive, and effective mean to prevent the spread of germs and keep everyone healthy. For more indication about hand hygiene in healthcare settings, please visit:

When should you clean your hands?

- BEFORE, DURING and AFTER preparing food.
- BEFORE eating food.
- BEFORE and AFTER caring for a sick person.
- AFTER using the toilet.
- AFTER changing the diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet.
- AFTER blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- AFTER touching animal, animal feed, or animal waste.
- AFTER touching garbage.

Born equal: Babies born to healthy mothers worldwide grow similarly in the womb and are of strikingly similar size at birth

Poor nutrition and health, not race or ethnicity, cause most of the current wide disparities in fetal growth and newborn size.

Babies' growth in the womb and their size at birth, especially their length, are strikingly similar the world over – when babies are born to healthy, well-educated and well-nourished mothers.

That's the finding of a landmark international study, INTERGROWTH-21st, led by Oxford University researchers, which involved almost 60,000 pregnancies in eight defined urban areas in Brazil, China, India, Italy, Kenya, Oman, the UK and USA.

The Lancet Publishes 'Every Newborn' Series

The Lancet Publishes 'Every Newborn' SeriesThe Lancet published a series on newborn care, covering health innovations, challenges and opportunities. The research provides the foundation for the forthcoming Every Newborn Action Plan, an evidence-based roadmap that charts a course toward care for every mother and a healthy start for every newborn baby. The five papers that comprise the series advocate for better quality care at time of birth, the moment at which most deaths occur and consequently when most lives can be saved.

The five papers advocate for quality care at birth, which requires facility and community actions with a focus on the time of birth. This is the time when most deaths occur and when most lives can be saved, and long-term disabilities averted, through higher coverage of effective interventions. This strategy requires responsive health systems that are equipped with lifesaving commodities and staffed with health workers who can deliver high-quality and timely skilled care, including emergency obstetric care and interventions for small and ill newborn babies.

The full series can be accessed here.

WONCA Rural Medical Education Guidebook

WHO: Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014

An international, open access guidebook on Rural Medical Education was launched at the 12th WONCA World Rural Health Conference in Gramado, Brazil. The Guidebook, which has been 6 years in the making, is a special project of the Working Party on Rural Practice of the World Organisation of Family Doctors (WONCA).

Consisting of 71 chapters written by 74 authors, it represents a unique collaboration, with contributions from every continent. It is intended to be a free resource for doctors, educators and others wanting to obtain practical ideas on implementing aspects of rural medical education and to learn from the experience of colleagues in different contexts. As stated in the preface, "Despite the increasing literature and growing evidence for RME [Rural Medical Education], … colleagues around the world expressed the need for a how-to book of practical strategies and ideas for training health care workers for rural practice." - reliable health information in Arabic brings to you, high quality, reliable health information in the Arabic language, through our syndicated partnership with NHS Choices. Our engaging, patient focused articles and interactive tools provide an invaluable, trusted health resource for you and your family.


يقدم لك دكتوري معلومات صحية ذات جودة عالية وموثوقة باللغة العربية من خلال شراكتنا في المقالات مع NHS Choices . تقدم مشاركتنا، المقالات التي تركز على المريض، والأدوات التفاعلية لمواردنا الصحية موثوقة ولاتقدر بثمن لك ولعائلتك.  

Surgical Care at the District Hospital - The WHO Manual

Surgical Care at the District Hospital is a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, in-service training and continuing medical education programmes. The manual is designed to promote quality surgical care at district (first-referral) level hospitals for patients who cannot be safely transferred to a secondary or tertiary-level hospital. It covers critical aspects of paediatric surgical care, such as fundamentals of surgical practice for the paediatric patient, management of emergencies and paediatric anaesthesia.

Surgical Care at the District Hospital - The WHO Manual The WHO manual SCDH has been developed as a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, in-service training and continuing medical education programmes.

It has been translated to French, Korean, Mongolian, Vietnamese, Dari, Farsi, and an International Edition is also available.

The manual is a successor of three earlier publications:

- General Surgery at the District Hospital (WHO, 1998)
- Surgery at the District Hospital: Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orthopaedics and Traumatology (WHO, 1991)
- Anaesthesia at the District Hospital (WHO, 1988; 2nd edition 2000)

This manual draws together material from these three publications into a single volume which includes new and updated material, as well as material from "Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Guide for Midwives and Doctors" (WHO, 2000).

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization: The core list presents a list of minimum medicine needs for a basic health-care system, listing the most efficacious, safe and cost-effective medicines for priority conditions. Priority conditions are selected on the basis of current and estimated future public health relevance, and potential for safe and cost-effective treatment.

18th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines - World Health Organization, April 2013 - 45pp.319 kB

4th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children - World Health Organization, April 2013 - 35pp.342 kB

"Every person worldwide should have access to all medicines on the WHO core list, prescribed by someone who knows what they are doing. It is an indictment of humanity that the majority of the world's population lack access to essential medicines and/or an informed prescriber. Too many prescribers continue to work in the dark, or are deliberately misled by pharmaceutical sales literature or self-interest into prescribing medicines that are overpriced and ineffective or even harmful.

How can we do better to translate the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines with reality on the ground? How can we improve the availability and use of reliable publications such as the WHO Model Formulary, and thereby achieve the HIFA 2013-15 Challenge: "Every prescriber and user of medicines will have access to reliable information on medicines to protect their own health and the health of others?" Join HIFA2015 and Discuss - It's Free!

I told my husband that if Shah Jahan could build the Taj Mahal to honour Mumtaz,
why can’t you build a toilet for me?

Village woman in Maharashtra, India

India, where more than 65 percent of people lack a toilet and 500,000 children die each year from diarrhoeal illnesses.

You Don't Know $h!t About $h!t

Think of the poorest you have ever seen and ask if your next act will be of any use to him.
Mahatma Gandhi
Of all forms of inequity, injustice in healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane.
Martin Luther King, Jr.

Training and Learning Programs for Volunteer Community Health Workers

Learn how to organize and deliver training and learning programs for volunteer community health workers.
Workload: 5-7 hours/week - Taught In: English - Subtitles Available In: English

Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are a major strategy for increasing access to and coverage of basic health interventions. Our village health worker training course reviews the process of training and continuing education of CHWs as an important component of involving communities in their own health service delivery. Participants will be guided through the steps of planning training and continuing education activities for village volunteers. The course draws on real-life examples from community-directed onchocerciasis control, village health worker programs, community case management efforts, peer educators programs and patent medicine vendor training programs, to name a few.

Pocket book of hospital care for children: Second edition Pocket book of hospital care for children: Second edition

This is a pocket-sized manual for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. It presents up-to-date clinical guidelines which are based on a review of the available published evidence by subject experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. It focuses on the inpatient management of the major causes of childhood mortality, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria, meningitis, measles, HIV infection and related conditions. It covers neonatal problems and surgical conditions of children which can be managed in small hospitals. This pocket book is part of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI).

Whereas this manual focuses on treatment recommendations, a summary of the technical background and the evidence base underlying these clinical guidelines is presented in the background book Serious childhood problems in countries with limited resources (ISBN 29 4 156269 2).

This pocket book updates and expands the guidelines contained in Management of the child with a serious infection or severe malnutrition (WHO/FCH/CAH/00.1).

Hospital Care for Adolescents and Adults: Integrated Management of Adolescent and Adult Illness (IMAI) Hospital Care for Adolescents and Adults: Integrated Management of Adolescent and Adult Illness (IMAI)

Volume 1: 504 pp. 2.8 MB - Volume: 2: 780 pp. 3.7 MB:

The manual is written for clinicians working at the district hospital (first-level referral care) who diagnose and manage sick adolescents and adults in resource constrained settings. It aims to support clinical reasoning, and to provide an effective clinical approach and protocols for the management of common and serious or potentially life-threatening conditions at district hospitals. The target audience thus includes doctors, clinical officers, health officers, and senior nurse practitioners. It has been designed to be applicable in both high and low HIV prevalence settings.

Volume 1 covers emergency triage assessment and treatment, and acute care for a severely ill or acutely injured patient for approximately the first 24 hours of care. It describes the clinical procedures commonly used in emergency and acute care, and gives a summary of the medicines used and the steps necessary for infection control.

Volume 2 provides a symptom-based approach to clinical care for acute and subacute conditions (including mental health). It provides short summaries of the management of diseases that affect multiple systems of the body, focusing on communicable diseases. It also includes the chronic or long-term management of HIV, TB, alcohol, and substance use disorders.

updated on 19 September, 2019
All information on this web site is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, kindly consult your doctor.



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