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Safe Water System Manual


1Mintz ED, Reiff FM, Tauxe RV. Safe water treatment and storage in the home: a practical new strategy to prevent waterborne disease. JAMA 1995;273(12):948-953.

2Quick RE, Venczel LV, Gonzalez O, et al. Narrow-mouthed water storage vessels and in situ chlorination in a Bolivian community: a simple method to improve drinking water quality. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 1996;54(5):511-6.

3Quick RE, Venczel LV, Mintz ED, et al. Diarrhoea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use water treatment and safe storage: a promising new strategy. Epidemiology & Infection 1999;122(1):83-90.

4Macy JT, Quick RE. Evaluation of a novel drinking water treatment and storage intervention in Nicaragua [letter]. Pan American Journal of Public Health 1998;3(2):135-6.

5Chang C, Canizares R. Proyecto desinfeccion de agua a nivel domiciliario en las regiones costa e insular del Ecuador frente al fenomeno de El Nino. Guayaquil, Ecuador: Pan American Health Organization, 1998-1999: 1-28.

6Luby SP, Agboatwalla M, Roza A, et. al. Microbiological evaluation and community acceptance of a plastic water storage vessel, point-of-use water treatment, and hand washing in Karachi, Pakistan. In: Program and abstracts of the 47th Annual Epidemic Intelligence Service Conference, April 1998; Atlanta, GA. Abstract.

7Desinfeccion del agua y alimentos a nivel domiciliario. Lima, Peru: Pan American Health Organization, 1997: 1-36.

8Sobel J, Mahon B, Mendoza CE, et al. Reduction of fecal contamination of street-vended beverages in Guatemala by a simple system for water purification and storage, handwashing, and beverage storage. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 1998;59(3):380-7.

9Daniels NA, Simons SL, Rodrigues A, et al. First do no harm: making oral rehydration solution safer in a cholera epidemic. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 1999;60(6):1051-5.

10Quick R, Mintz E, Sobel J, Mead P, Reiff F, Tauxe R. A new strategy for waterborne disease prevention. 23rd WEDC Conference 1997, Durban, South Africa: 340-2.

11Dunston A. CARE, CDC and PSI join forces for safe water project in Madagascar. HealthCARE, May, 2000, Vol. 2. CARE USA, Atlanta, GA.

12Population Services International. Home water chlorination. Maternal and child health profile, January 1999.

13Thevos AK, Quick RE, & Yanduli V. Application of motivational interviewing to the adoption of water disinfection practices in Zambia. Health Promotion International 2000; 15 (3)

14Esrey SA, Feachem RG, Hughes JM. Interventions for the control of diarrhoeal diseases among young children: improving water supplies and excreta disposal facilities. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1985;63(4):757-72.

15Reiff F, Witt V. Guidelines for the selection and applicatin of disinfection technologies for small towns and rural communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, 1995.

16Racioppi F, Daskaleros P, Besbelli N, et al. Household bleaches based on sodium hypochlorite: review of acute toxicology and poison control center experience. Food and Chemical Toxicology 1994;32(9):845-861.

17Chang C, Real Cotto J. Manual de produccion de hipoclorito de sodio en sitio para desinfeccion de agua a nivel domiciliario. Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1999: 1-40.

18Deb BC, Sircar BK, Sengupta PG, et al. Studies on interventions to prevent eltor cholera transmission in urban slums. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1986;64(1):127-31.

19Hammad ZH, Dirar HA. Microbiological examination of sebeel water. Applied & Environmental Microbiology 1982;43(6):1238-43.

20Han AM, Oo KN, Midorikawa Y, Shwe S. Contamination of drinking water during collection and storage. Tropical & Geographical Medicine 1989;41(2):138-40.

21Reiff FM, Roses M, Venczel L, Quick R, Witt VM. Low-cost safe water for the world: a practical interim solution. Journal of Public Health Policy 1996;17(4):389-408.

22Huo A, Xu B, Chowdhury MA, et al. A simple filtration method to remove plankton-associated vibrio cholerae in raw water supplies in developing countries, Appl Env Microbiol 1996; 62: 2508-12.

23Quick RE, Gerber ML, Palacios AM, et al. Using a knowledge, attitude, and practices survey to supplement findings of an outbreak investigation: cholera prevention measures during the 1991 epidemic in Peru. Int J Epidemiol 1996; 25:872-78.

24Ling JC, Franklin BAK, Lindsteadt JF, Gearon SAN. Social marketing: its place in public health. Annu Rev Publ Health 1992; 13:341-62.

25Miller WR, Rollnick S. Motivational interviewing: preparing people to change addictive behavior. New York, NY: The Guilford Press, 1991.

26Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC. Stages of change in the modification of problem behaviors. In: Hersen M, Eisler R, Miller PM, eds. Progress in behavior modification. Sycamore, IL: Sycamore Publishing, 1992: 183-218.

27Thevos AK, Kaona FAD, Siajunza MT & Quick RE. Adoption of safe water behaviors in Zambia: Comparing educational and motivational approaches. Education for Health (joint issue with the Annual of Behavioral Sciences and Medical Education) (in press).

28Rogers EM. Diffusion of innovations. Fourth ed. New York, NY: The Free Press,1995.

29Adapted from Communication, a guide for managers of national diarrhoeal disease control programmes, World Health Organization, Geneva,1987.

30Skinner, Brian and Rod Shaw, Household Water Treatment 1 & 2, technical briefs #58 & #59, Waterlines, October 1998 and January 1999.

31Khan MU, Khan MR, Hossain B, Ahmed QS. Alum potash in water to prevent cholera [letter]. Lancet 1984;2(8410):1032.

32Oo KN, Aung KS, Thida M, Knine WW, Soe MM, Aye T. Effectiveness of potash alum in decontaminating household water. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research 1993;11(3):172-4.

33Miller, WR, Zweben, A, DiClemente, CC, & Rychatarik, RG (1992). Motivational enhancement therapy (MET): A clinical research guide for therapists treating individuals with alcohol abuse and dependence (DHHS Publication No. ADM 92-1894). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Infectious Diseases
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch


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