Emergencies can happen suddenly, as with a convulsion, or they can develop as a result of a complication that is not properly managed or monitored.
Most emergencies can be prevented by:
to an emergency
Responding to an emergency promptly and effectively requires that members of the clinical team know their roles and how the team should function to respond most effectively to
emergencies. Team members should also know:
clinical situations and their diagnoses and treatments;
drugs and their use, administration and side effects;
emergency equipment and how it functions.
The ability of a facility to deal with emergencies should be assessed and reinforced by frequent practice emergency
In managing an emergency:
Stay calm. Think logically and focus on the needs of the woman.
Do not leave the woman unattended.
Take charge. Avoid confusion by having one person in charge.
SHOUT FOR HELP. Have one person go for help and have another person gather emergency equipment and supplies (e.g. oxygen cylinder, emergency kit).
If the woman
is unconscious, assess the airway, breathing and circulation.
shock is suspected, immediately begin treatment. Even if signs of shock are not present, keep shock in mind as you evaluate the woman further because her status
may worsen rapidly. If shock develops, it is important to begin treatment immediately.
Position the woman lying down on her left side with her feet elevated. Loosen tight clothing.
Talk to the woman and help her to stay calm. Ask what happened and what symptoms she is experiencing.Perform a quick examination including vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, respiration, temperature) and skin colour. Estimate the amount of blood lost and assess symptoms and
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