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Measuring Sugar, Salt and Water


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Measuring Sugar, Salt and Water

 

Measuring Sugar and SaltMeasuring Water

Correct the confusion created by years of mixed messages regarding measurement of the ingredients in rehydration solutions. Mothers will receive a plastic one-litre bottle, with a label about how to recognize signs and degrees of dehydration, how to prepare home fluids for rehydration, and how to mix and prepare home-made and packaged ORS. Additionally, they will receive a 2-sided spoon to correctly measure salt and sugar.


 

Name: Measuring Sugar, Salt, and Water to Treat Dehydration at Home
Status:
Theme: Health Education to Mothers Region and Country: Maharashtra, India
Partners: Beneficiaries:
Funding Need: Budget:
Duration: Contact:



Programme Activities:
If mothers could recognize and treat dehydration early on at home, the great majority of children would not need additional medical care. While only 41% of mothers in Maharashtra can correctly identify symptoms suggesting a child needs medical treatment for dehydration, 77% take a child with diarrhoea to a health facility. In this way, better practice and education would save mothers the trouble and expense of travelling to the health centre (and also prevent them from spending money on unnecessary drugs), and it would release some of the burden on health facilities, allowing better treatment for children who are severely ill.

However, studies have shown that in the case of both ORS and home solutions, health-care providers at several levels or mothers cannot correctly measure one litre of water. And in the specific case of home solutions, there are further confusions among measurements of sugar and salt, such as variations in size of pinches, spoons, and water vessels, which all make the task of measuring such solutions far more difficult.

This program will educate mothers how to recognize and treat dehydration early on at home, and correct the confusion created by years of mixed messages regarding measurement of the ingredients in rehydration solutions. Mothers will receive a plastic one-litre bottle, with a label about how to recognize signs and degrees of dehydration, how to prepare home fluids for rehydration, and how to mix and prepare home-made and packaged ORS. Additionally, they will receive a 2-sided spoon to correctly measure salt and sugar.

Intended Results:
Mothers will be educated about how to recognize and treat dehydration early on at home, and provided with materials to ensure correct measurement for home-prepared rehydration solutions. Mothers in Maharashtra could prevent up to 90% of diarrhoeal deaths with this practice and other sound diarrhoea management measures if administered early and correctly.

Programme Management and Implementation:
The plastic one-litre bottle with relevant information printed on it, and the 2-sided spoon to correctly measure salt and sugar will be distributed to all mothers in the state of Maharashtra. Health care providers will ensure that mothers are using the materials correctly for the specified purposes. The materials designed for and used in the programme will be pre-tested to ensure clarity and success on a larger scale.

Programme Monitoring and Evaluation:
Programme monitoring will ensure that materials are reaching all mothers in the state of Maharashtra, and that mothers understand how to recognize signs of dehydration early on at home, and can use the materials provided to prepare a correctly measured rehydration solution. Statistics on mothers ability to correctly recognize and treat dehydration early on at home, and mothers ability to correctly measure and prepare a home rehydration solution will be compared to and evaluated to those before program implementation. The programme will be modified as necessary.

Learning and Dissemination:


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