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Waterborne Diseases Epidemic Information - Maharashtra State


Home > India > Maharashtra > Waterborne Diseases Epidemic Information

 



 

20 March, 2004
Epidemic Control Cell

Functions:

  1. Monitoring and control of water borne Diseases.
  2. Monitoring of Meningitis, Encephalitis, Sunstroke and Food poisoning cases.
  3. Implementation of National Guineaworm Eradication Programme.
  4. Yaws Eradication Programme.
  5. National Surveillance Programme For Communicable Diseases.
  6. Action in case of natural calamities.

National Guineaworm Eradication Programme

The success in this programme is really outstanding. There was rapid decline in endemicity with no indigenous case since last Ten years (1991). 

The country has been certified as Guineaworm disease free by the International Commission for certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) on 5th February 2000.

 
 
Yaws Eradication Programme

Only two districts Chandrapur and Gadchiroli are known to have Yaws cases.

Six search are carried out since 1998. Total 2062 suspected cases are found but only 46 cases in 1998 and only 1 case in 2000 are confirmed.

  • There is marked reduction in Yaws cases.
  • Sero surveillance is recommended by GOI (NICD) to find out maximum hidden cases.

 
 
Disease Surveillance Programme

The Disease Surveillance Cell has been established in the office of the Jt. Director of Health Services (Health) Pune. NSPCD (National Surveillance Programme For Communicable Diseases) was initiated in the year 1997-98 for Strengthening of Diseases Surveillance System to respond to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases

In Maharashtra 3 districts viz. Satara, Dhule and Sindhudurg were identified in 1997-98 and 2 districts viz Beed and Chandrapur are identified in 2002 under NSPCD.

10 Districts are identified for the year 2000-2001 under Maharashtra Health System Development Project.
Another 10 districts are added for the year 2002-2003 under MSHDP for strengthening of disease survieillance.
 
Under the programme following activities are carried out.

  1. Training of medical and paramedical workers.
  2. Strengthening of communication.
  3. Improving surveillance system.
  4. Strengthening of laboratory services.

 
 
Yearwise Epidemic Situation of Waterborne diseases
Maharashtra State (April to March)

Sr. No.

Year

Cholera

Gastro

Diarrhoea

Inf. Hep

Typhoid

   

O

A

D

O

A

D

O

A

D

O

A

D

O

A

D

1

90-91

40

352

27

254

1,846

252

109

2,331

119

446

6,336

333

0

0

0

2

91-92

68

3,021

67

747

8,875

829

106

2,737

85

192

2,045

119

90

3,397

26

3

92-93

65

11,092

74

604

9,714

477

221

5,377

182

134

3,069

102

26

636

11

4

93-94

62

1,773

19

989

18,062

771

174

4,577

122

89

958

69

10

162

4

5

94-95

3

3

3

506

12,320

374

42

2,141

36

59

252

45

14

1,307

3

6

95-96

4

38

1

394

9,264

299

58

2,345

32

47

1,603

24

6

250

1

7

96-97

3

35

2

625

12,917

420

97

2,079

65

98

2,623

54

2

52

0

8

97-98

4

28

2

229

5,375

133

63

2,559

21

158

2,257

109

5

309

1

9

98-99

4

17

4

1,098

27,407

788

131

3,608

70

51

1,507

31

9

580

4

10

99-00

2

4

1

68

317

33

21

1,019

1

101

6,189

54

8

393

0

11

00--01

0

0

0

214

12,878

103

66

4,176

12

86

1,998

31

8

1,007

2

12

01-02

1

22

1

216

4,940

104

72

7,258

18

68

1,786

28

15

663

6

13

02-03

0

0

0

147

3,790

58

58

2,696

23

45

1,783

17

5

467

0

14

03-04

0

0

0

316

5,568

173

48

2,712

17

23

417

6

7

225

1

O = Number of Outbreaks; A = Attacks; D = Deaths.

 
 
Comparative Yearwise Status of Waterborne Diseases (Epidemic + Sporadic)
Maharashtra State (Jan to Dec.)

Sr. No.

Disease

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

   

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

1

Cholera

7,539

228

13,323

173

4,768

57

2,644

13

1,912

9

3,400

26

959

3

2

Gastro

38,277

940

36,765

497

94,175

972

67,648

561

67,348

401

90,198

681

69,112

317

3

Diarrhoea

728,269

813

691,120

649

615,666

271

610,741

117

772,779

119

916,601

211

912,547

102

4

V.Hepatitis

14,049

466

9,438

417

11,593

419

8,184

387

7,648

223

16,096

485

20,024

484

5

Enteric Fever (Typhoid)

18,248

130

17,794

69

13,785

46

12,673

40

10,595

26

9,046

12

8,663

9

  

Sr. No. Disease 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
    A D A D A D A D A D A D
1 Cholera 3,597 16 397 1 987 4 1,357 3 612 1 1,841 0
2 Gastro 149,137 987 65,322 82 82,524 129

69,211

116 47,276 78 71,277 198
3 Diarrhoea 1,144,181 127 993,795 15 1,121,787 34 1E+06 17 573,096 23 943,159 29
4 V.Hepatitis 11,044 337 15,303 311 13,661 201 11,862 139 9,209 93 9,631 62
5 Enteric Fever (Typhoid) 12,872 11 10,454 6 15,624 5 12,964

1

10,642 1 12,549 2

 

 

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