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There can be no real growth without healthy populations.
download report

The most cost effective health intervention is general education of girls.

Invest in Girls and Women: Everybody Wins

Invest in Girls and Women: Everybody Wins

The Path Ahead to Sustainable Development
Download toolkit pdf - Infographics featured in the toolkit focus on key issues related to investing in girls and women. Download the infographics
Invest in Girls and Women: Girls and Women Are at the Heart of Development Invest in Women's Health Invest in Maternal and Newborn Health Invest in Equality Invest in Girls' Education Invest in Family Planning and Reproductive Health

In the 1980s, 36,000 children under five died each day from largely preventable causes.
In 1990, that figure was 33,000. In 2000 it was 26,000. Last year, it was 19,000.

This dramatic drop came about through a combination of vaccination programs, nutrition programs, and better water and sanitation.
But we cannot celebrate until all children can share in this progress.

It should anger us that most of these 19,000 children die daily from causes we know how to prevent.
We have the products and the potential to save these lives.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

Health Ecucation To Villages 19,000 children die every day from preventable causes

13 September 2012
The UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation released the latest estimates on child mortality. Overall, substantial progress has been made towards achieving MDG 4. The number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined from nearly 12 (11.7, 12.2)1 million in 1990 to 6.9 (6.8, 7.4) million in 2011. While that translates into 14,000 fewer children dying every day in 2011 than in 1990, it still implies the deaths of 19,000 children under age five every day in 2011.

Click here to download the report and its annex.

For more information on the child mortality estimation methods, refer to the PLOS Medicine Collection on Child Mortality Estimation Methods.

Also available for download:
Under-five mortality rate: Estimates and 90% uncertainty intervals
Infant mortality rate: Estimates and 90% uncertainty intervals
Sex-specific under-five mortality rate: Estimates
Neonatal mortality rate: Estimates
Annual rate of reduction of under-five mortality: Estimates and 90% uncertainty intervals
Country-specific methodological notes: Summary

The continuation of this suffering and loss of life contravenes the natural human instinct to help in times of disaster.
Imagine the horror of the world if a major earthquake were to occur and people stood by and watched without assisting the survivors! ....

They die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world.
Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.

spotty scorecard, UNICEF, Progress of Nations

We have the tools, we have the knowledge, and we must match them with our unshakeable commitment to save millions of lives.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

IAP HealthPhone

IAP HealthPhone

Laying the Foundation for Combating Malnutrition in India
The importance of balanced nutrition and health

An initiative of HealthPhone™, conducted under the aegis of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, in partnership with the Ministry of Women and Child Development, UNICEF, Aamir Khan and with support from Vodafone.

It is the World's Largest Programme to Battle Malnutrition amongst Mothers and Children. The objective of this nationwide campaign against malnutrition is to address issues of status of women, the care of pregnant mothers and children under two, breastfeeding and the importance of balanced nutrition and health. The focus is on women between 13 and 35 years of age and their family members.

The four Poshan videos are hosted on a dedicated WAP page and accessible to all Vodafone India subscribers on their mobile phones.

Vodafone India subscribers can also give a missed call on 1 800 120 8989 (toll-free) to receive a link to the WAP page via SMS.

Hand hygiene, either with soap and water or with alcohol-based handrub, is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and spreading infections to others. Indeed, hand hygiene is an easy, inexpensive, and effective mean to prevent the spread of germs and keep everyone healthy. For more indication about hand hygiene in healthcare settings, please visit:

When should you clean your hands?

- BEFORE, DURING and AFTER preparing food.
- BEFORE eating food.
- BEFORE and AFTER caring for a sick person.
- AFTER using the toilet.
- AFTER changing the diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet.
- AFTER blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- AFTER touching animal, animal feed, or animal waste.
- AFTER touching garbage.

The Lancet Breastfeeding SeriesThe Lancet Breastfeeding Series - January 28, 2016

With a substantial development of research and findings for breastfeeding over the past three decades, we are now able to expand on the health benefits for both women and children across the globe. The two papers in this Series will describe past and current global trends of breastfeeding, its short and long-term health consequences for the mother and child, the impact of investment in breastfeeding, and the determinants of breastfeeding and the effectiveness of promotion interventions.

New Research Shows That Breastfeeding Matters Everywhere and Could Save Millions of Lives and Dollars
"Political commitment and investment in breastfeeding by governments, donors, employers and civil society is urgently needed to ensure the health of women and children and to shape a more sustainable future for all. UNICEF and the World Health Organization, in partnership with close to 20 organizations, are leading the charge to mobilize global action to raise political and financial investment to support breastfeeding. Together, we are working to remove barriers to breastfeeding and to give women the tools they need to make informed decisions to ensure their health and the health of their children for generations come."
Werner Schultink, Chief of Nutrition at UNICEF

Breastfeeding saves lives and it’s time for action

The Lancet: Ending Preventable Stillbirths The Lancet: Ending Preventable Stillbirths

Each year, 2.6 million women suffer the loss of their babies dying in the last three months of pregnancy, with half of stillbirths occurring in childbirth. The burden on families, especially women, is severe and long lasting, yet stigma and taboo hides this burden even in high income countries.

Addressing the epidemic of stillbirths has been recognised as an essential part of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. This was expressed in the new Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health, launched at the UN General Assembly in 2015. A second Lancet Series of five papers on stillbirths offers a roadmap for eliminating, by 2030, one the most neglected tragedies in global health today.

The Lancet series provides updated estimates and clear evidence and analysis on what must be done to end preventable stillbirths by 2030, echoing the call of the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, 2015-2030 and the Every Woman Every Child movement. The Partnership is committed to monitoring progress on stillbirths as the Global Strategy is implemented.

Lancet Stillbirth series | Executive Summary -

The Lancet: The silence around stillbirth is unspeakable The Lancet: The silence around stillbirth is unspeakable

7,200 lives are lost every day to stillbirths. Imagine if we could reduce that number and stop this epidemic of grief. Learn what The Lancet is doing to fight back.

Change can only come from systematic scientific, political, and social mobilisation.

Smash the taboos around stillbirth
Almost 2·6 million babies are stillborn worldwide every year. That’s roughly the population of Rome, wiped out. Yet we still don’t talk openly about stillbirth. Vulnerable girls and women are often left to suffer in silence. It only perpetuates the stigma when they have little to no information on the topic. More must be done to cut through the sociocultural, religious, and health barriers that inhibit open dialogue.
Turn midwives into lifesavers
Skilled health professionals matter. Their care is vital for all expectant mothers. Yet they are in short supply. We must value health workers, including skilled birth attendants, in order to succeed–boost their numbers, increase access to quality training, give them a visible community presence, and remove the barriers to access.

Prepare every woman for healthy pregnancies
A healthy pregnancy should be a universal right. Millions of women worldwide are still denied access to basic education about pregnancy and stillbirth. Education must include information about sexual health, birth control and treatable diseases, as well as the risks associated with smoking, obesity, and pregnancy in later life.

In support of our Ending preventable stillbirths Series The Lancet is reaching out to the rest of the world with a global campaign.

Support our initiative

This film tells the stories of two women, in the UK and Malawi, and their common search to come to terms with the stillbirth of a baby.

Infant Feeding Support for Refugee ChildrenInfant Feeding Support for Refugee Children – #SafelyFed   Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children

Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children is a group of mothers and other interested people, working as volunteers, to gather and co-ordinate support for the infants (newborns to age two years old and beyond) fleeing war and thus caught in the refugee crisis.  As a group we support the WHO recommendations on Infant Feeding whereby milk, preferably mother’s milk, should be the only food given for the first six months and milk feed should be offered freely for a minimum of two years.

  • support mother & infant
  • educate, train & support volunteers
  • educate public
  • support IYCF-E aligned groups to fundraise

UNICEF India's Ammaji Video Series now on HealthPhone UNICEF India's Ammaji Video Series now on HealthPhone

The Ammaji health and nutrition education series of 42 videos help improve and save childrens' and mothers' lives. They aim to promote changes in knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs through key messages in the major health ttopics. It is the expectation from these videos that they will help rural women: understand the benefits of recommended behaviours address some of the constraints in their social environments adopt simple household behaviours and access frontline workers (like Anganwadi Workers, ANMs, ASHAs, Panchayats, etc) in their communities.

They are designed to be used as interpersonal communication tools by individuals and frontline workers in giving out important information to women and caregivers.

Family Planning: A Global Handbook for ProvidersFamily Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers

Welcome to! This website offers the same reliable guidance you have come to expect from Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers, plus easier access to items like the Wall Chart and newer digital products.

Developed collaboratively for clinic-based healthcare providers in developing countries, the Global Handbook offers the latest guidance on providing contraceptive methods. This site offers products related to the book in onscreen and downloadable formats.

The Global Handbook is used by health workers, counselors, and trainers all over the world—so we don't assume everyone has instant, reliable Internet access. The Handbook is available online, in print, and as digital downloads for mobile devices.

Both the Global Handbook and the Wall Chart are available as downloads in English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swahili. The Handbook is also available in Romanian, Hindi, and Farsi, and the Wall Chart in Chichewa and Tajik. All of these are offered on our Translations page.

Not sure where to start? Try the Related Products page.

Developing and Strengthening Community Health Worker Programs at Scale: A Reference Guide and Case Studies for Program Managers and Policymakers

This guide is a long and detailed volume that is not intended to be read from cover to cover but rather to be used as a document that can be referred to as specific issues or questions arise. In this sense, you will find some repetition. We have also tried to refer the reader to other chapters where appropriate because many topics and issues are covered in various ways in different chapters.

For readers who want a quicker and perhaps easier-to-use reference, we encourage a look at the recently released Decision-Making Tool for CHW Programs (the CHW Decision Tool) developed by the Health Care Improvement Project, Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems Project of the University Research Corporation (URC) , supported by USAID. This tool is designed to support national and local decision-makers through the design, planning, and scale- up of CHW programs.

Strengthening Community Health Systems through CHWs and mHealth Strengthening Community Health Systems through CHWs and mHealth

New Learning & Next Steps from the Fall 2014 Global Health Practitioner Conference - December 2014
Exploring the role of NGOs in strengthening health systems from a primary health care perspective that includes community systems, with a focus on supporting community health workers (CHWs). Key themes include:

  • Including the community in health systems strengthening
  • Strengthening community groups to support CHWs
  • Harmonizing community-based human resources for sustainable health actions
  • Improving CHW performance through mHealth
  • Training and supporting CHWs through mobile learning

This paper is divided into three main sections.
Section 1 sets the stage for including community-based systems in the building blocks of national health systems;
Section 2 covers the role that community health workers play in strengthening community-based health systems; and
Section 3 addresses how mobile technology can be used for capacity strengthening, support, and improved CHW performance.

Each section briefly summarizes new learning, approaches, and issues surrounding the relationship between community engagement and national health systems as discussed at the Fall 2014 Global Health Practitioner Conference. References for further reading and possible next steps that the CORE Group Community Health Network could take are included within the three main sections of this paper. Presentations made at the Conference are available on the CORE Group website.

World Malaria Report 2014

The World Malaria Report 2014 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2013 report.

It assesses global and regional malaria trends, highlights progress towards global targets, and describes opportunities and challenges in controlling and eliminating the disease. The report was launched in the United Kingdom Houses of Parliament on 9 December 2014.

WHO: Key facts about Malaria
Half of the world's population is at risk of Malaria. This video is an introduction to this disease with a few key facts about its global epidemiology, symptoms, mode of transmission through infected mosquitoes, its diagnosis and treatment and, moreover, the main means to prevent its transmission and limit its spreading.

Full report  |  Report without profiles pdf, 2.87Mb  |  Country profiles pdf, 3.26Mb  |  Annexes pdf, 760kb

ASHA Training Modules ASHA Training Modules

Book 1 Book 1 pdf (584 KB)Book 2 Book 2 pdf (1.43 MB)Book 3 Book 3 pdf (965 KB)Book 4 Book 4 pdf (949 KB)Book 5 Book 5 pdf (435 KB) / Hindi Book 5 Hindi pdf (483 KB)Book 6 Book 6 pdf (3.34 MB) / Hindi Book 6 Hindi pdf (7.53 MB)Book 7 Book 7 pdf (2.37 MB) / Hindi pdf (2.89 MB)

Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women pdf (1.37 MB) /Hindi Mobilizing for Action on Violence against Women Hindi pdf (2.54 MB)
Reaching the Unreached Reaching the Unreached pdf (720 KB)
Induction Training Module for ASHA Induction Training Module for ASHA pdf (1.99 MB)

Training Module for ASHA on NCD Training Module for ASHA on NCD pdf (1362 KB) / Training Module for ASHA on NCD (Hindi) Training Module for ASHA on NCD Hindi pdf (1449 KB)

Trainers Notes
ASHA Trainers Part 1 ASHA Trainers Part 1 pdf (1.60 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Part 1 Hindi pdf(788 KB)ASHA Trainers Part 2 ASHA Trainers Part 2 pdf (5.18 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Part 2 Hindi pdf (5.40 MB)
ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women pdf (1.00 MB) / Hindi ASHA Trainers Mobilizing for Action on Violence Against Women Hindi pdf (1.23 MB)

ASHA Facilitator
Handbook for ASHA Facilitator Handbook for ASHA Facilitator pdf (584 KB)

Recommendations for Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs Recommendations for Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs pdf - Consultation Report - January 14-15, 2013 - New Delhi

Hesperian Health Guides

Hesperian Health GuidesHesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that develops accessible materials in many languages. Access free information in Hesperian's HealthWiki for mothers and community related to nutrition, water, hygiene, and sanitation.

Newborn babies and breastfeeding: Available in English, Arabic, Spanish, Filipino, French, Kreyol, Khmer, Swahili, Lao, Portuguese, Urdu
Food and nutrition for children: Available in English, Portuguese, and French
Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms: Available in English, Portuguese, and French
Health Problems from Unsafe Water: Available in English and Spanish
Protecting Community Water: Available in English and Spanish
Building Toilets: Available in English and Spanish
Sanitation and Cleanliness: Available in English

More resources from Hesperian Health Guides

Online, mobile-friendly HealthWiki resources

Caring for children (available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Swahili)
Good food makes good health (available in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)
Helping Children Who Are Deaf (available in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Chinese)
Helping Children Who Are Blind (available in English and Spanish)

500 Days to Accelerate MDG Action

As the countdown from 500 days to accelerate MDG action, check out the MDG infographics showing India's progress and the challenges that remain (click on the images to enlarge).

The Millennium Development Goals, (MDGs), are the most successful global anti-poverty push in history. Governments, international organizations, and civil society groups around the world have helped to cut in half the world's extreme poverty rate. More girls are in school. Fewer children are dying. The world continues to fight killer diseases, such as malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS. There are about 500 days to accelerate action on issues such as hunger, access to education, improved sanitation, maternal health and gender equality.

MDGs and Targets –Summary of Progress achieved by India

MDGs and Targets - Summary of Progress achieved by India
The 'Millennium Development Goals (MDG) India Country Report-2014' captures India's progress towards the MDGs to be achieved by 2015. The year 2014, being the penultimate year for the MDGs, acquires significance in assessing realistically India's progress in meeting the various targets under the MDGs as well as to take a stock of the areas where the progress is not up to expected levels. Appendix 1 shows the latest status of India's progress on the MDGs.

The full report is available here
Source: MDG India Country Report 2014,
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
More targets within reach - MDGs Report 2014 More targets within reach - MDGs Report 2014
The new Millennium Development Goals Report 2014 shows that millions of people's lives have improved due to concerted global, regional, national and local efforts to achieve the MDGs, which serve as the foundation for the next global development agenda.

"The Millennium Development Goals were a pledge to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity, and free the world from extreme poverty," Mr. Ban said. "The MDGs, with eight goals and a set of measurable time-bound targets, established a blueprint for tackling the most pressing development challenges of our time."

500 Day Milestone: Millennium Development Goals

500 Day Milestone: Millennium Development GoalsAugust 18, 2014 marks the 500 day milestone until the target date to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), 8 goals established by the United Nations and governments around the world to tackle some of the world's biggest problems. Join in around the world to raise awareness of the progress made through the MDGs and rally to continue the momentum.

Open defecation

Open defecationUnthinkable in 85% of the world. The only option in the other 15%

1 billion people are forced to practice open defecation around the world.

It causes cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, diarrhoea, worm infestation, reduced physical growth, impaired cognitive function and undernutrition.

Global Handwashing Day Planner's Guide 3rd Edition

Global Handwashing DayFor Global Handwashing Day - October 15, a great tool kit for planning local observances and advocacy

This Planner's Guide is a resource to help individuals, groups, and organizations around the world plan their Global Handwashing Day activities. In this guide you will find practical tips, tools, facts, and ideas to implement a successful Global Handwashing Day celebration. This guide also includes suggestions for promoting handwashing every day of the year—beyond Global Handwashing Day.
- More Hand Washing Resources

  • The global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing with Soap (PPPHW) works to save children's lives by promoting the awareness of this simple practice.
  • 1.7 million children die every year From diarrhea and acute respiratory infections who are under five.
  • These figures could be cut dramatically if handwashing with soap were widely practiced. These deaths are preventable. Research shows that, if widely practiced, handwashing with soap could reduce diarrhea by almost fifty percent and respiratory infections by nearly twenty-five percent. (Fewtrell et al., 2005)

Born equal: Babies born to healthy mothers worldwide grow similarly in the womb and are of strikingly similar size at birth

Poor nutrition and health, not race or ethnicity, cause most of the current wide disparities in fetal growth and newborn size.

Babies' growth in the womb and their size at birth, especially their length, are strikingly similar the world over – when babies are born to healthy, well-educated and well-nourished mothers.

That's the finding of a landmark international study, INTERGROWTH-21st, led by Oxford University researchers, which involved almost 60,000 pregnancies in eight defined urban areas in Brazil, China, India, Italy, Kenya, Oman, the UK and USA.

2014 World Population Data Sheet

2014 World Population Data Sheet Theme: Progress and Challenges

You'll see examples of achievements over the last several decades: The proportion of people living in poverty has declined, infant mortality has dropped, and fewer mothers are dying in childbirth. But progress has been uneven.

This year's data sheet has detailed information on 16 population, health, and environment indicators for more than 200 countries. For three of the indicators, infant mortality, total fertility rate, and life expectancy, we have included data from 1970 and 2013—to show change over time. Our environment indicator this year, carbon emissions, shows data from 1990 and 2012.

World Population Data Sheet  •  Data Visualization  •  Population Clock  •  Interactive World Map

The Lancet Publishes 'Every Newborn' Series

The Lancet Publishes 'Every Newborn' Series

In May 2014, The Lancet published a new series on newborn care, covering health innovations, challenges and opportunities. The research provides the foundation for the forthcoming Every Newborn Action Plan, an evidence-based roadmap that charts a course toward care for every mother and a healthy start for every newborn baby. The five papers that comprise the series advocate for better quality care at time of birth, the moment at which most deaths occur and consequently when most lives can be saved.

The five papers advocate for quality care at birth, which requires facility and community actions with a focus on the time of birth. This is the time when most deaths occur and when most lives can be saved, and long-term disabilities averted, through higher coverage of effective interventions. This strategy requires responsive health systems that are equipped with lifesaving commodities and staffed with health workers who can deliver high-quality and timely skilled care, including emergency obstetric care and interventions for small and ill newborn babies.

The full series can be accessed here.

Produced By Healthcare Administration Degree Programs

IAP Recommended Immunization Schedule 2013

IAP Recommended Immunization Schedule 2013

IAP Recommended Immunization Schedule 2013: for Children Aged 0-18 years (with range)

This schedule includes recommendations in effect as of November 2013.

Download Now!

ImmunizeIndia - The world's largest vaccination reminder service

ImmunizeIndia - The world's largest vaccination reminder service

IAP-Immunizeindia is the world's largest vaccination reminder service, and is available free of cost to parents anywhere in India. It is a national non-profit initiative, promoted by Indian Academy of Pediatrics.

IAP-Immunizeindia aims to prevent half a million child deaths and disabilities by 2018.

IAP-Immunizeindia is supported by Vodafone, which is the national telecom sponsor, and IAP-Immunizeindia's national press campaign, promotional posters in hospitals and clinics, promotional pamphlets are funded by an education grant from a leading global corporation.

WONCA Rural Medical Education Guidebook

WHO: Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014

5 April 2014 - An international, open access guidebook on Rural Medical Education was launched on 5 April at the 12th WONCA World Rural Health Conference in Gramado, Brazil. The Guidebook, which has been 6 years in the making, is a special project of the Working Party on Rural Practice of the World Organisation of Family Doctors (WONCA).

Consisting of 71 chapters written by 74 authors, it represents a unique collaboration, with contributions from every continent. It is intended to be a free resource for doctors, educators and others wanting to obtain practical ideas on implementing aspects of rural medical education and to learn from the experience of colleagues in different contexts. As stated in the preface, "Despite the increasing literature and growing evidence for RME [Rural Medical Education], … colleagues around the world expressed the need for a how-to book of practical strategies and ideas for training health care workers for rural practice." - reliable health information in Arabic brings to you, high quality, reliable health information in the Arabic language, through our syndicated partnership with NHS Choices. Our engaging, patient focused articles and interactive tools provide an invaluable, trusted health resource for you and your family.


يقدم لك دكتوري معلومات صحية ذات جودة عالية وموثوقة باللغة العربية من خلال شراكتنا في المقالات مع NHS Choices . تقدم مشاركتنا، المقالات التي تركز على المريض، والأدوات التفاعلية لمواردنا الصحية موثوقة ولاتقدر بثمن لك ولعائلتك.  

WHO: Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014

WHO: Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014

Publication date: April 2014 - ISBN: 978 92 4 156474 8 - pages: 257

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. An increasing number of governments around the world are devoting efforts to a problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st Century.


>> Download full report - Summary - Infographic pdf, 653kb - Slide set pdf, 1.49Mb - Order the report

PMNCH Knowledge Summary #29 Delivering our future: survival and health for every newborn

PMNCH Knowledge Summary #29 Delivering our future: survival and health for every newborn

Around 3 million newborns die each year, part of the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals, and closely linked to 2.6 million third trimester stillbirths that did not count in the Goals. Yet this unacceptable number of deaths has received insufficient visibility and resources on global and national agendas. Newborn deaths and stillbirths are reducing at a slower rate than under-five deaths and maternal deaths.1,2,3 As a result, 44% of all deaths amongst children under age five now occur in the first month of life. The pace of change differs by region, country, and within countries. The heaviest burdens and the slowest reductions are in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The gap between rich and poor countries, and between families within countries, remains unacceptably high. In many countries the poorest households are twice as likely to experience a newborn death compared to the richest households.


>> PDF version 366kb

USAID Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST)

USAID ASSIST: Making care better to improve outcomes in USAID-assisted countries. Strengthening health and social systems. Advancing the frontier of improvement science.

The objective of the USAID Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) Project is to improve the quality and outcomes of health care and other services by enabling host country providers and managers to apply the science of improvement. The project seeks to build the capacity of host country service delivery organizations in USAID-assisted countries to improvement the effectiveness, efficiency, client-centeredness, safety, accessibility, and equity of the health and family services they provide. USAID ASSIST also seeks to institutionalize the capacity to improve through competency development at the pre- and in-service levels as well as engaging with host country governments at the policy level.

Find and contribute ideas for how to improve care, achieve better outcomes, and measure results.

Born Free

Born Free AfricaBorn Free Raises Visibility for a Generation BornHIV-Free; Launches Fashion Collection with 22 Leading Designers

Born Free – a private sector-led initiative to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV – has launched a collaboration with Vogue, Shopbop, M∙A∙C AIDS Fund, and 22 top designers to raise awareness for eMTCT.

MCA highlights 2012-13: progress report - WHO's Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health

MCA highlights 2012-13: progress report - WHO's Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health

Publication date: 2014 - WHO reference number: WHO/FWC/MCA/14.01 - pages: 48

This report presents highlights of the work accomplished by the WHO Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health in 2012 and 2013. The scope and mandate of the work of the Department are broad. Through research, MCA generates new evidence to shape norms, standards and guidelines that serve to guide countries in adopting the most effective, evidence-based policies and strategies. It supports building capacity for moving towards universal access to high-quality, integrated health services, and supports the measurement of progress. Much of this work has been carried in collaboration between WHO headquarters, regional and country offices, with other departments of WHO and with partners.

>> Download Report

Commentary: Newborn Deaths – The Final Frontier in the Battle for Child Survival

by Leith Greenslade, MDG Health Alliance Vice-Chair on the long-overdue focus on newborns and stillbirths

Feb. 26 2014 - We should all know the story by now. The world has made remarkable progress in transforming child survival. In 1990, we lived in a world where 12 million children did not reach their fifth birthdays. Now, we live in a world where half as many children suffer an early death. What is less well known is that not all children have benefited equally from this remarkable progress. Older children have enjoyed the greatest gains partly because the most powerful interventions — vaccines, treatments for pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria, nutritional supplements and bed nets — target the leading causes of death for older children. When it comes to the leading causes of newborn death — prematurity, birth asphyxia and infection — simple, affordable tools to prevent and treat are often not available at all, or not available in the right formulations for newborns. > more

A charter for the rights of the dying child

The Lancet, Volume 383, Issue 9928, Pages 1547 - 1548, 3 May 2014 - doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60746-7
Franca Benini aEmail Address, Roberta Vecchi b, Marcello Orzalesi c

The death of a child is a devastating and tragic event for all those involved: the family members distraught by grief and the health-care providers who are called on to address the child's complex care needs, where professionalism, ethics, deontology, and practice must reckon with personal emotions, experiences, and fears. But, it is the children who pay the highest price, suffering, and coping directly with the burden of incurable illness and death, the trauma of separation, the loss of their future and often, in solitude, the consequences of their illness, fears, and emotions. > more

International Society for Social Pediatrics and Child Health (ISSOP) Position Statement on sponsorship of paediatricians/paediatric societies by the Baby Feeding Industry

ISSOPInfant and young child feeding is central to child health and, after birth, breastfeeding is the first act of provision by a mother for her child. For most of history no other third party was required to support infant feeding other than the mother and the surrounding family. It is only since the commercial development of breast milk substitutes in the nineteenth century that health professionals have become involved in their prescription.

"In recent years, the commercialisation of infant feeding has impacted on professional practice through the development of sponsorship by the Baby Feeding Industry of medical conferences and meetings, along with gifts to health workers.

It is the view of ISSOP that this sponsorship is damaging to the reputation of paediatricians, to the health of mothers and infants, and to the status of breastfeeding and this statement explains the reasons why we believe that such sponsorship should be terminated."

>> Download ISSOP Position Statement

ISSOP is hopeful that the Position Statement will be used with paediatric societies and associations around the world to ensure that paediatricians and other health professionals avoid conflicts of interest, and protect breastfeeding as one of the most health promoting measures in the field of child health.

*The term Baby Feeding Industry refers to all commercial companies which market infant formula or other infant feeding products.

The Girl Declaration

Girls have the power to stop poverty before it starts.

The Girl Declaration was created to make sure their needs are prioritised in the post-2015 development agenda.

Girls were left out of the original Millennium Development Goals. The Girl Declaration has been written to make sure that doesn't happen again.

Bringing together the thinking of 508 girls living in poverty across the globe with the expertise of more than 25 of the world's leading development organisations, the Girl Declaration is our tool to stop poverty before it starts.


Read the five goals and seven principles that can create a better future for girls and end poverty for the world. -

Every Newborn Toolkit Every Newborn Toolkit

Addressing newborn survival requires clear consensus on evidence, strategies and actions by a broad community of partners. Every Newborn will be a roadmap for change taking forward the United Nations Secretary General's Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health by focusing specific attention on newborn health and identifying actions for improving their survival, health and development.

The plan is being developed by a diverse group of stakeholders, led by WHO and UNICEF, and guided by the advice of countries and experts. This Toolkit provides practical support to all those engaged in promoting greater action and accountability on newborn and maternal health through national planning and programming, advocacy, research, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation.

Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2013

Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2013The annual number of under-five deaths fell from 12.6 million in 1990 to 6.6 million in 2012. But much faster progress is needed to reduce preventable diseases that cause child mortality. This is the second report in a series intended to track progress on child survival and promote accountability for global commitments.

Sept 2013 - UNICEF - 42 pages - ISBN: 978-92-806-4655-9 - download pdf

Videos: Progress towards ending preventable child deaths | Health care extension workers in Ethiopia help address child mortality | Committing to child survival
View Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2013 Executive Summary | English | French | Spanish | Arabic
View Levels and Trends in Child Mortality, Report 2013 | English

Current Technical Information for Global Health Professionals

Global Health eLearning Center

A flexible learning program for busy professionals
Each course is authored by a subject matter expert or a team of experts, is highly focused, and can be completed in about one to two hours. Learners can access a course in multiple visits and a pick up where they left off at any time. Although courses are designed to be taken online, a printer-friendly format allows you to download and print course materials for further study. Some titles are available in languages other than English. Learners can complete individual courses, or a series of related courses as part of a Certificate Program.

The Global Health Workforce is in Crisis

Billions of people are denied access to safe, effective healthcare as a result of workforce shortages and lack of support to teh existing workforce. Here are just a few of the consequences:
  • 48 million women give birth each year without a skilled health worker present
  • 6.9 million children under 5 die from treatable & preventable diseases every year
  • Ninety percent of all maternal deaths and 80 percent of stillbirths happen in just 58 countries. These countries have only 17 percent of the worlds midwives and physicians.
Urgent Action is Needed: Global conversation starts Monday 9th September, through September and October, sponsored by the Global Health Workforce Alliance
HIFA2015: Priorities in Human Resources for Health

GHWA vision: Every person everywhere will have access to an informed, supported and motivated health worker. For further reading, please browse the GHWA Knowledge Centre, a collection of resources on HRH issues, organised by theme.

GHWA fact sheet, brief introduction to some of the issues in Human Resources for Health. A reference for the discussions over the coming weeks on HIFA.
Join here:

WHO: Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies

This book provides a common understanding of health education disciplines and related concepts. It also offers a framework that clarifies the relationship between health literacy, health promotion, determinants of health and healthy public policy and health outcomes. It is targeted at health promotion and education professionals and professionals in related disciplines.

Health education as a tool for health promotion is critical for improving the health of populations and promotes health capital. Yet, it has not always received the attention needed. The limited interest stems from various factors, including: lack of understanding of health education by those working in this field; lack of knowledge of and consensus on the definitions and concepts of health education and promotion; and the difficulty health educators face in demonstrating the efficiency and showing tangible results of the practice of health education. Of course, there are many success stories relating to health education, particularly in the settings approach, such as health-promoting schools, workplaces, clinics and communities. However, where boundaries are not well defined, implementing health education becomes more challenging...

Wellstart's Lactation Management Self-Study Modules, Level 1 Wellstart’s Lactation Management Self-Study Modules, Level 1

The New Revised 4th Edition - English - pdf formatpdf 151 pages 1.9 mb - Edición en Español

This educational tool is downloadable without charge.

Visitors are invited but not required to help this tool to continue to be available by donating any amount they wish to Wellstart International, a US based 501(c) (3) non-profit organization that is compliant with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes.

Users are also requested to send your name, professional school that you are affiliated with and an e-mail address to [email protected] so that we may send you updates and alerts about relevant new materials and references.

New Course — mHealth Basics: Introduction to Mobile Technology for Health

Global Health eLearning Center - US AID - K4Health
mHealth is the use of mobile and wireless technologies to support the achievement of health objectives. The widespread use of mobile phones is one reason why this practice is rapidly progressing. This course provides an introduction to this emerging field and an overview of best practices for mHealth solution development. The focus of the course is on mHealth applications commonly used in developing country contexts.

mHealthEvidence — Knowledge for Health (K4Health)

mHealthEvidence — Knowledge for Health (K4Health) was designed to bring together the world's literature on mHealth to make it easier for program managers, researchers, funders, Ministry staff, and other key decision-makers to design and implement effective and efficient programs and remain current with the state-of-the-art. It houses information on peer-reviewed evidence from low-, middle- and high-resource settings and will be expanded in the coming months to include grey literature. Material is classified using the new mHealth Evidence Taxonomy, developed in coordination with the WHO, and is easily filtered and searched to facilitate the identification of evidence-based, high-impact mHealth practices.

The 10 leading causes of death in the world, 2000 and 2011

WHO Fact sheet N°310 - Updated July 2013

Ischaemic heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive lung disease, diarrhoea and HIV/AIDS have remained the top major killers during the past decade.
  1. The 10 leading causes of death in the world, 2000 and 2011
  2. The 10 leading causes of death by income group (2011)
  3. Major causes of death
  4. Deaths across the globe: an overview
  5. Why do we need to know the reasons people die?

Surgical Care at the District Hospital - The WHO Manual

Surgical Care at the District Hospital is a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, in-service training and continuing medical education programmes. The manual is designed to promote quality surgical care at district (first-referral) level hospitals for patients who cannot be safely transferred to a secondary or tertiary-level hospital. It covers critical aspects of paediatric surgical care, such as fundamentals of surgical practice for the paediatric patient, management of emergencies and paediatric anaesthesia.

Surgical Care at the District Hospital - The WHO Manual The WHO manual SCDH has been developed as a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, in-service training and continuing medical education programmes.

It has been translated to French, Korean, Mongolian, Vietnamese, Dari, Farsi, and an International Edition is also available.

The manual is a successor of three earlier publications:

- General Surgery at the District Hospital (WHO, 1998)
- Surgery at the District Hospital: Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orthopaedics and Traumatology (WHO, 1991)
- Anaesthesia at the District Hospital (WHO, 1988; 2nd edition 2000)

This manual draws together material from these three publications into a single volume which includes new and updated material, as well as material from "Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Guide for Midwives and Doctors" (WHO, 2000).

Adherence to long-term Therapies: Evidence for action

Adherence to long-term Therapies: Evidence for action Adherence to therapies is a primary determinant of treatment success. Poor adherence attenuates optimum clinical benefits and therefore reduces the overall effectiveness of health systems.

"Medicines will not work if you do not take them" — Medicines will not be effective if patients do not follow prescribed treatment, yet in developed countries only 50% of patients who suffer from chronic diseases adhere to treatment recommendations. In developing countries, when taken together with poor access to health care, lack of appropriate diagnosis and limited access to medicines, poor adherence is threatening to render futile any effort to tackle chronic conditions, such as diabetes, depression and HIV/AIDS.

Intended for policy-makers, health managers, and clinical practitioners, this report provides a concise summary of the consequences of poor adherence for health and economics. It also discusses the options available for improving adherence, and demonstrates the potential impact on desired health outcomes and health care budgets. It is hoped that this report will lead to new thinking on policy development and action on adherence to long-term therapies.
  • More than 50% of all medicines are prescribed, dispensed or sold inappropriately, and half of all patients fail to take medicines correctly.
  • The overuse, underuse or misuse of medicines harms people and wastes resources.
  • More than 50% of all countries do not implement basic policies to promote rational use of medicines.
  • In developing countries, less than 40% of patients in the public sector and 30% in the private sector are treated according to clinical guidelines.
  • A combination of health-care provider education and supervision, consumer education, and an adequate medicines supply is effective in improving the use of medicines, while any of these interventions alone has limited impact.

WHO - Medicines: rational use of medicines - WHO Fact Sheet 2012

Randomised Trials in Child Health in Developing Countries 2012-13

This small booklet summarizes much of the latest research on child health in developing countries: evidence derived from all the randomized trials published over the last year.

The aim is to make this information widely available to paediatricians, child health nurses, midwives, researchers, students and administrators in places where up-to-date health information is hard to find. We hope that such information will be helpful in reviewing treatment guidelines, clinical and public health approaches, and in teaching about paediatrics and evidence-based medicine. This year there were 211 trials

Hyperlinks in the booklet direct you to free full-text versions of the papers, where these are available.

HealthPhone™: What every health worker, family and community has a right to know

There is no dispute about the importance of health knowledge as a means of preventing diseases and boosting child survival.

HealthPhone's health and nutrition content is scripted on knowledge prepared jointly by UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNAIDS, WFP and The World Bank. It addresses the main areas of health concern. This content is pre-loaded on popular low-cost models of mobile phones – no signal is required, no need to download videos and other media. Users choose what they want to watch and listen to and when, wherever they happen to be.

HealthPhone™ is coming soon to a village, slum, town, city, block, district, state, province, country near you!

Early and Exclusive BreastfeedingHand Washing with Soap and WaterUse of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc
Routine ImmunizationInitiation of Breastfeeding by Breast Crawl

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization, April 2013

The core list presents a list of minimum medicine needs for a basic health-care system, listing the most efficacious, safe and cost-effective medicines for priority conditions. Priority conditions are selected on the basis of current and estimated future public health relevance, and potential for safe and cost-effective treatment.

18th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines - World Health Organization, April 2013 - 45pp.319 kB

4th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children - World Health Organization, April 2013 - 35pp.342 kB

"Every person worldwide should have access to all medicines on the WHO core list, prescribed by someone who knows what they are doing. It is an indictment of humanity that the majority of the world's population lack access to essential medicines and/or an informed prescriber. Too many prescribers continue to work in the dark, or are deliberately misled by pharmaceutical sales literature or self-interest into prescribing medicines that are overpriced and ineffective or even harmful.

How can we do better to translate the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines with reality on the ground? How can we improve the availability and use of reliable publications such as the WHO Model Formulary, and thereby achieve the HIFA 2013-15 Challenge: "Every prescriber and user of medicines will have access to reliable information on medicines to protect their own health and the health of others?" Join HIFA2015 and Discuss - It's Free!

Newborn Care Video Series

Newborn Care Video Series Basic Skills
Inserting a Gastric Tube
Feeding with a Gastric Tube
Inserting an IV
Setting Up an IV Line
Taking a Heel Blood Sample
Referring a Sick Baby
Newborn Physical Exam
Breathing Problems
Umbilical Infections
The Home Visit
Giving an Intradermal Injection
The Cold Baby
Skin Infection
The Hot Baby
Breast Engorgement
Preparing the Birth Room
Newborns die at alarming rates in the developing world, nearly 3 million every year. Most can be saved with low-cost, low-tech interventions. Our newborn care series brings alive these lifesaving interventions in a memorable and engaging way to help health workers learn and save newborn lives.

The newborn care series provides our target audience of frontline health workers with visual clinical guidelines for training and review in the clinic setting. We have drawn primarily on the following international standards of care: Care of the Newborn Reference Manual, Save the Children, 2004; Managing Newborn Problems, WHO, 2003; and Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses Chart Booklet, WHO, 2011.

I told my husband that if Shah Jahan could build the Taj Mahal to honour Mumtaz,
why can’t you build a toilet for me?

Village woman in Maharashtra, India

India, where more than 65 percent of people lack a toilet and 500,000 children die each year from diarrhoeal illnesses.

You Don't Know $h!t About $h!t

The Story of Cholera

The Story of Cholera is an engaging, educational animation in which a young boy helps a health worker save his father and then guides his village in preventing cholera from spreading. By making the invisible cholera germs visible, this simple animated narrative brings to life the teaching points of cholera prevention.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases annually, resulting in 100,000–120,000 deaths worldwide. Cholera can kill quickly and, if not contained, will spread like wildfire. Yet, it is preventable and readily treatable.

Public education is an effective means to help contain epidemics. But at-risk populations are often poorly informed as to how cholera is spread and how to prevent transmission.

Produced by: Global Health Media Project

Watch Video: Watch in BengaliEnglishFrenchGuerzéGujaratiHaitian Creole Haitian AndeyoHindiKannadaKrioMalayalamMalinkéPoularSomaliSoussouSpanishSwahiliTelugu

The Girl Declaration The Girl Declaration

The voice of the girl gets louder when you add yours to it. Are you in?

The Girl Declaration will be a call to action to the world to put girls on the post 2015 agenda. It will be launched on International Day of the Girl in October 2013.

So far we've met with hundreds of girls across the world who have been speaking out on behalf of the 250 million girls living in poverty today.

They're from big cities, small towns, remote villages, a wide range of cultures and different political environments.

The thing that connects them all is poverty.

Many have never been heard before. We explained to them that plans are being written for their futures. We asked them what they wanted the world to know. They had plenty to say.

We've translated their hopes and dreams into a set of recommended goals for the Girl Declaration, which you can read at the bottom of this page.

But we haven't finished yet. We're going to speak with hundreds more girls over the coming months. We want to make their voices so loud that the whole world sits up and pays attention.

Their voices will create the Girl Declaration.

MDG Momentum

On 5 April, the UN and partners worldwide observed the 1,000-day mark to the 2015 target date for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs are the most successful global anti-poverty push in history. Governments, international organizations and civil society groups around the world have helped to cut in half the world's extreme poverty rate. More girls are in school. Fewer children are dying. The world continues to fight killer diseases, such as malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS.

There are 1,000 days to accelerate action on issues such as hunger, access to education, improved sanitation, maternal health and gender equality. Get involved and help build more #MDGmomentum!

MDGs in Action - Quick facts and success stories

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
watch video
Achieve universal primary education
watch video
Promote gender equality and empower women
watch video
Reduce child mortality
watch video
Improve maternal health
watch video
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
watch video
Ensure environmental sustainability
watch video
Global partnership for development
watch video

View and share infographics on the 8 Millennium Development Goals

Download all #MDGmomentum infographics (0.8mb zip)

MDG Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger MDG Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education MDG Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women MDG Goal 4: Reduce child mortality MDG Goal 5: Improve maternal health MDG Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases MDG Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability MDG Goal 8: A global partnership for development

Think of the poorest you have ever seen and ask if your next act will be of any use to him.
Mahatma Gandhi
Of all forms of inequity, injustice in healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane.
Martin Luther King, Jr.

Training and Learning Programs for Volunteer Community Health Workers

Learn how to organize and deliver training and learning programs for volunteer community health workers.
Workload: 5-7 hours/week - Taught In: English - Subtitles Available In: English

Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are a major strategy for increasing access to and coverage of basic health interventions. Our village health worker training course reviews the process of training and continuing education of CHWs as an important component of involving communities in their own health service delivery. Participants will be guided through the steps of planning training and continuing education activities for village volunteers. The course draws on real-life examples from community-directed onchocerciasis control, village health worker programs, community case management efforts, peer educators programs and patent medicine vendor training programs, to name a few.

Pocket book of hospital care for children: Second edition Pocket book of hospital care for children: Second edition

This is a pocket-sized manual for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. It presents up-to-date clinical guidelines which are based on a review of the available published evidence by subject experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. It focuses on the inpatient management of the major causes of childhood mortality, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria, meningitis, measles, HIV infection and related conditions. It covers neonatal problems and surgical conditions of children which can be managed in small hospitals. This pocket book is part of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI).

Whereas this manual focuses on treatment recommendations, a summary of the technical background and the evidence base underlying these clinical guidelines is presented in the background book Serious childhood problems in countries with limited resources (ISBN 29 4 156269 2).

This pocket book updates and expands the guidelines contained in Management of the child with a serious infection or severe malnutrition (WHO/FCH/CAH/00.1).

Hospital Care for Adolescents and Adults: Integrated Management of Adolescent and Adult Illness (IMAI) Hospital Care for Adolescents and Adults: Integrated Management of Adolescent and Adult Illness (IMAI)

Volume 1: 504 pp. 2.8 MB - Volume: 2: 780 pp. 3.7 MB:

The manual is written for clinicians working at the district hospital (first-level referral care) who diagnose and manage sick adolescents and adults in resource constrained settings. It aims to support clinical reasoning, and to provide an effective clinical approach and protocols for the management of common and serious or potentially life-threatening conditions at district hospitals. The target audience thus includes doctors, clinical officers, health officers, and senior nurse practitioners. It has been designed to be applicable in both high and low HIV prevalence settings.

Volume 1 covers emergency triage assessment and treatment, and acute care for a severely ill or acutely injured patient for approximately the first 24 hours of care. It describes the clinical procedures commonly used in emergency and acute care, and gives a summary of the medicines used and the steps necessary for infection control.

Volume 2 provides a symptom-based approach to clinical care for acute and subacute conditions (including mental health). It provides short summaries of the management of diseases that affect multiple systems of the body, focusing on communicable diseases. It also includes the chronic or long-term management of HIV, TB, alcohol, and substance use disorders.

updated on 19 April, 2016
All information on this web site is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, kindly consult your doctor.



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